Publication Ethics

Originality and Plagiarism: Authors must ensure that their work is entirely original and properly acknowledge the work and ideas of others. Plagiarism in any form, including self-plagiarism, is unacceptable.

Authorship: Authorship should be limited to those who have made significant contributions to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.

Conflict of Interest: Authors must disclose any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Data Access and Retention: Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review and should be prepared to provide public access to such data if practicable. Authors should ensure the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.

Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication: Authors should not submit the same manuscript, or essentially the same manuscript, concurrently to more than one journal. It is also considered unethical to submit manuscripts derived from the same research to more than one journal.

Acknowledgment of Sources: Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

Reporting Standards: Authors should present an accurate account of their research and an objective discussion of its significance. Manuscripts should follow the submission guidelines of the journal.

Review Process: Manuscripts submitted for publication should undergo rigorous peer review. Reviewers should objectively evaluate the quality of the research presented and provide constructive feedback to the authors.

Editorial Independence: Editors should evaluate manuscripts solely on their academic merit and relevance to the journal's scope, regardless of the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy.

Publication Decisions: The editor-in-chief is responsible for deciding which articles submitted to the journal will be published, based on the validation of the work in question, its importance to researchers and readers, and legal requirements such as copyright infringement or plagiarism.

Ethical Oversight: In cases of ethical concerns or misconduct, such as data fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism, the journal will follow the guidelines and procedures set by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Corrections and Retractions: If errors are found in published works, authors should promptly retract or correct the paper. If significant errors or misconduct are discovered post-publication, the journal will issue corrections, retractions, or expressions of concern as appropriate.